All posts by Susan

WSL Librarian at GRO-Biz Conference

Karen Kitchens, the Wyoming State Library’s State Publications Librarian, was in Rock Springs today at the GRO-Biz Conference & Idea Expo. Here, she’s with USPTO Denver Office Supervisory Patent Examiner Garth Rademaker (left) and U.S. Senator Mike Enzi (center).

Sen. Enzi is the founder of the conference and expo. GRO-Biz helps Wyoming businesses offer their products or services to the government, and the Idea Expo provides all the resources entrepreneurs and business owners need to start or expand their company.

One help for entrepreneurs is right here at the Wyoming State Library: our Patent and Trademark Resource Center (PTRC). For questions about the PTRC, contact Karen at (307) 777-7281.

What’s for Dinner in Federal Documents?

Here at the Wyoming State Library, we enjoy some of the quirky items we find in our historical government documents. We went exploring our early 20th Century copies of the Farmers’ Bulletin from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and found a few meals you might or might not want on your table. Have these recipes stood the test of time? We’ll leave that for you to decide.

USDA Farmers’ Bulletin No. 1451
Making and Using Cottage Cheese in the Home
Issued May, 1925; revised 1927

Need a new kitchen hobby? This bulletin details the steps and equipment needed to make cottage cheese, “A desirable food easily prepared.”

Remove the stones from cooked prunes. Stuff prunes with cottage cheese which has been seasoned with salt and pepper. Serve on lettuce leaves with mayonnaise dressing. Dates or figs may be used instead of prunes if desired.

USDA Farmers’ Bulletin No. 712
School Lunches
Issued March, 1916; revised June, 1922, and May, 1924

Too many students have peanut allergies for this one today, but Bulletin 712 recommended that “Peanut butter, which can be either bought as such or prepared at home or at school, can be quickly made into a good and nutritious soup.”

1 1/2 cups tomato juice
1/2 cup peanut butter
1 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon paprika
2 1/2 cups boiling water
Add the tomato juice gradually to the peanut butter, and when smooth add the seasonings and the water. Simmer for 10 minutes and serve with croutons.

USDA Farmers’ Bulletin No. 487
Cheese and its Economical Uses in the Diet


If you say you love cheese in all its forms, does that still hold true if someone combines it with Lima beans? There’s also a “Cheese Jelly Salad” in this bulletin that includes gelatin and whipped cream, served on lettuce with salad dressing.

2 cupfuls of cooked Lima beans
1/4 pound of cream cheese, commercial or homemade
3 canned pimientos chopped
Bread crumbs
Put the first three ingredients through a meat chopper. Mix thoroughly and add bread crumbs until it is stiff enough to form into a roll. Brown in the oven, basing occasionally with butter and water.

USDA Farmers’ Bulletin No. 559
Use of Corn, Kafir, and Cowpeas in the Home

October 16, 1913

Cowpeas, or black-eyed peas, are recommended as an inexpensive meat substitute in this bulletin.

1 tablespoonful butter
1 tablespoonful finely chopped onion
1 tablespoonful finely chopped sweet green pepper
2 cupfuls cooked cowpeas
1/2 cupful grated cheese
Press the peas through a sieve to remove the skins, and mix with the cheese. Cook the onion and pepper in the butter, being careful not to brown, and add to the peas and cheese. Form the mixture into a roll, place on a buttered earthenware dish and cook in a moderate oven until brown, basting occasionally with butter and water. Serve hot or cold as a substitute for meat.

Federal documents such as these often offer fascinating glimpses into history. If you need assistance with researching federal government documents, we have reference librarians who can help. Contact us at or (307) 777-6333.

February 2018 Outrider Now Available


Find a wrap-up of the latest in Wyoming library news in the February 2018 Outrider newsletter from the Wyoming State Library. Subscribe today, and we’ll send the Outrider straight to your email inbox each month.

Have news you’d like included? Contact Susan Mark, WSL publications specialist, at or (307) 777-5915. Don’t forget to follow us on Facebook and Twitter, too.

Upcoming Webinar: In Depth With the New AASL Standards, Part II

Join Jennisen Lucas, Wyoming School Librarian and American Association of School Librarians (AASL) Affiliate for the second part of her in-depth tour of the new AASL school library standards.

February’s installation will be the Shared Foundation, “Include.” This free webinar will be held on Tuesday, February 27, at 3:30 p.m. MST Come for the information; stay to ask questions!

Register now.

The Wyoming State Library has two circulating copies of National School Library Standards in its professional collection, available to Wyoming school librarians for checkout or interlibrary loan.

Questions about school library issues? Contact the Wyoming State Library’s School Library Consultant, Paige Bredenkamp, at or (307) 777-6331.

Free Continuing Education Events for the Week of February 19

Free, online, continuing education events for this week from the Wyoming State Library Training Calendar. You can subscribe and view the events in your calendar software, or you can find all the events at

All times MST

Monday, Feb 19 (11-12 pm)
Motivate Monday with Fundraising Expert Pamela Grow (Motivate Monday)
How are nonprofit professionals jump starting their week with purpose? Join us for Motivate Monday where: Every Monday we share your wins; Feature a special guest with a quick tip to get your week started right; And close with a Q&A session.
For more information and to register, visit:

Monday, Feb 19 (2-3 pm)
Good questions, Poor questions (Montana State Library)
A hands-on session with practice creating and editing valid and reliable survey questions. Learn how to evaluate the efficacy of your questions and how to structure questions to get at the data you really want and need. Understand how to achieve validity and reliability in research. Identify some common errors in formulating questions. Recognize when it is best to collect qualitative or quantitative data.
For more information and to register, visit:

Tuesday, Feb 20 (10-11 am)
What’s All the Buzz About Genrefication? (Montana State Library)
This webinar is an introduction to the concept of arranging books by genre in the library rather than by Dewey of Library of Congress catalog number. This webinar features a panel of librarians who have genre-based stacks in their library and they are eager to share the possibilities and pitfalls of their experiences with you.
For more information and to register, visit:

Tuesday, Feb 20 (12-1 pm)
Build Staff Buy-In for Volunteer Engagement (VolunteerMatch)
Is your organization open to engaging volunteers in new ways? Often one of the biggest challenges to a new model of volunteer engagement is the resistance of paid staff. Often attitudes and fears of our co-workers prevent us from expanding the work that volunteers do. But, if you’ve never worked with volunteers before, it can be scary. In this webinar we’ll discuss strategies for working with paid staff to engage volunteers.
For more information and to register, visit:

Tuesday, Feb 20 (12-1 pm)
Spring into Picture Books: New Books, 2018 (Booklist)
This free, one-hour webinar is the perfect way to shake the winter blues and get up-to-speed on essential new books for young readers. Hear from representatives from Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Abrams, Tundra, and IPG, as well as guest author, Susan Verde, (Rock ‘n’ Roll Soul, 2018) about forthcoming picture books perfect for engaging readers in grades K-3.
For more information and to register, visit:

Tuesday, Feb 20 (12-1 pm)
Baby-Friendly Libraries (Colorado State Library)
Of course babies are welcome in your library, but what if you could transform your library into a truly baby-friendly library? Join us for this interactive webinar to explore ideas on transforming your space, collections, policies, programs, outreach efforts, and customer service philosophy to best fit the needs of your youngest patrons and their families, and make them feel welcome. Along with examples we’ll provide, there will be many opportunities for you to share your experiences, ideas, and questions on babies in libraries with each other.
For more information and to register, visit:

Tuesday, Feb 20 (12-1 pm)
7 Consumer Realities That Impact Learning and Development (InSync Training)
If we search for answers to our questions immediately in our personal lives, why are we forced to seek for professional work answers by signing up for a two-day training a month from now? If we have a work-related problem we need to solve now, why do we have to sit through an hour-long webinar or self-paced course to try find something that will address our unique issue? In this session, we’ll discuss these questions and more, including what we can do differently to provide learning experiences that our learners want and that actually change behavior.
For more information and to register, visit:

Tuesday, Feb 20 (5-6 pm)
A Practical Approach to Growing a Diverse School Library Collection and Program (American Association of School Librarians)
This webinar will empower participants to add diverse titles to their collection through awards, lists, websites and social media. Additionally, participants will explore programming ideas and instructional activities for engaging diverse students and parents and ways of incorporating instructional technology.Various web based applications such as Biblionasium, Bookopolis and Goodreads, to name a few, will be presented.
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (9-10 am)
NCompass Live: Why Diverse Literature Matters for Youth Services (Nebraska Library Commission)
This episode’s discussion will focus on the need for robust representation of cultures, religions, and lifestyles in our book collections. A key part of this topic includes a conversation regarding the effects of exposing young readers to diverse literature and why this is important.
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (12-1 pm)
From Information Literate to Information Fluent: The Role of Libraries in Preparing 21st Century Citizens (Georgia Library Association)
Librarians are increasingly important in helping students, pre-K through 20 and beyond, to move beyond the skills of Information Literacy and become Information Fluent in order to successfully navigate the Knowledge Economy. In this session, Dr. Alan Bearman will discuss how, with the help of a Lyrasis Catalyst Grant, the Washburn University librarians are collaborating with other regional librarians to develop a culture of Information Fluency in their service region.
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (12-1 pm)
Science Cinema: A Little-known Resource for Students and Teachers (Federal Depository Library Program)
This webinar presents Science Cinema, which offers scientific videos featuring leading-edge research from the U.S. Department of Energy.
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (12-1 pm)
The Top 10 Things Nonprofits Should Be Doing in 2018 (GuideStar)
2018 has officially begun. We know it is important for you to implement streamlined processes and explore new opportunities to leave no stone unturned! This webinar will tell you the things you could and should be doing to make this year your most successful year ever. GuideStar and CrowdRise are here to help!
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (12-1 pm)
Introduction to Finding Grants (GrantSpace)
Are you new to the field of grantseeking? Discover what funders are looking for in nonprofits seeking grants and how to find potential funders.
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (1-2 pm)
Homelessness in Small and Rural Communities: Libraries Can Help! (WebJunction)
Libraries in rural and small communities are often a source of information and daytime shelter for individuals facing homelessness or housing insecurity. In an already busy library with limited resources, staff may be challenged to respond to the needs of these patrons and to cope with compassion fatigue. This webinar will provide practical insights on providing services to people who don’t have stable housing. Learn how to create an environment that feels welcoming, informative and supportive, including ideas for reducing policy barriers. Learn how to host conversations that explore public perceptions, help to debunk myths around homelessness, and strengthen community ties.
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (1-2 pm)
What’s New in Children’s Literature – 2018 (Infopeople)
Join esteemed children’s librarian and author Penny Peck in her yearly review of what’s new in children’s literature. Discover new books published in late 2017 and Spring 2018 that will be popular with children ages 0-12, including books that reflect the diversity of the children we serve! Also, find out about books that fit the 2018 summer reading themes of music and travel.
For more information and to register, visit:

Wednesday, Feb 21 (3-4 pm)
Flip Badge This! Teaching Students to Love Databases (edWeb)
Get ready to badge your way out of those boring database lessons! Schools are packed with reluctant database users who would much rather get to work than listen to one more database lesson. Well, here is a way to spice up and personalize database instruction. In this edWebinar, Michelle Luhtala, Library Department Chair at New Canaan High School, CT, and Dr. Brenda Boyer, Teacher Librarian at Kutztown Senior High School in Kutztown, PA, will share the flipped instructional program that Dr. Boyer introduced to her virtual library students.
For more information and to register, visit:

Thursday, Feb 22 (9-10 am)
Healthy Aging at Your Library: Connecting Older Adults to Health Information (National Network of Libraries of Medicine)
This “train the trainer” class is designed to help librarians assist their older adult patrons find health information. Discover techniques for teaching older adults to use computers and to find health information on the Internet, learn what makes a website senior-friendly; plan library programs on senior health topics; and find out about some recommended health websites for older adults.
For more information and to register, visit:

Thursday, Feb 22 (10-11 am)
Digital Learning Day 2018: How Innovative Districts Blend Teaching and Technology to Improve Student Outcomes (Alliance for Excellent Education/Future Ready Schools)
The webinar and the report will also highlight how Lindsay Unified School District in California uses blended learning to support its performance-based system of progression, in which students move through instructional content at their own pace, advancing only once they have mastered all the standards from the previous content level.
For more information and to register, visit:

Thursday, Feb 22 (11-12 pm)
Intro to Accessibility: What Employers Need to Know to Create a Technology-Accessible Workplace (EARN)
Join the Employer Assistance and Resource Network on Disability Inclusion (EARN) and the Partnership on Employment & Accessible Technology (PEAT) for a webinar on creating a technology-accessible workplace. Employers can learn about accessible workplace technology and how to ensure their organization’s technology infrastructure is accessible for everyone, including employees with disabilities. Experts will share information on integrating accessibility standards and best practices into the workplace, as well as tips for creating accessible documents, websites and other resources.
For more information and to register, visit:

Thursday, Feb 22 (12-1 pm)
Need Volunteers? Four Tech Trends You Need to Know (Wild Apricot)
If you’re struggling to attract and mobilize volunteers, you’re not alone. Many organizations are experiencing the effects of four tech trends that are changing public expectations and behavior. That’s why we’ve invited volunteerism expert and international thought leader, Tobi Johnson, to share how successful organizations can attract and sustain volunteer involvement in today’s rapidly-evolving digital world.
For more information and to register, visit:

Thursday, Feb 22 (12-1 pm)
Librarian’s Guide to Trade Data, Part 8: U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (Federal Depository Library Program)
Participants will learn how to use the Bureau of Transportation Statistics’ Transborder Freight Data website as well as features on the “Trade” web page of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
For more information and to register, visit:

Thursday, Feb 22 (1-2 pm)
Civic Literacy and a Civic Lab (Indiana State Library)
In late summer of 2016, Skokie (IL) Public Library created a Civic Lab–a mobile, pop-up initiative to increase civic discussion and civic literacy among library patrons of all ages. Hear from Christine Goertz and Amy Koester as they discuss the lessons learned from a year and a half of civic literacy programming. Participants will leave the webinar with ideas for implementing civic literacy initiatives in their own libraries.
For more information and to register, visit:

Thursday, Feb 22 (5-6 pm)
Connecting Competencies: Learner, School Librarian and School Library (American Association of School Librarians)
Participants will be introduced to the language of competencies as part of the structure of the National School Library Standards (NSLS). The intentional shift from outcomes to competencies in the standards is designed to better align the AASL framework with other education standards and provide increased opportunities for learners, school librarians, and school libraries to thrive in a more personalized learning environment.
For more information and to register, visit:

Guidance from YALSA on Teen Services Competencies

In 2017, the Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA) released its Teen Services Competencies for Library Staff. In recent weeks, they’ve been delving into these competencies and how to implement them effectively in libraries on the YALSA blog. If you’re looking to learn more to better serve your young adult patrons, you might explore these articles:

Look on the YALSA blog for more. If you are planning on attending ALA Midwinter in Denver, YALSA is hosting two News You Can Use sessions on the Competencies.

People News

Diane Trotter retired on February 1 after more than 40 years at the University of Wyoming Libraries. She has been Manager of Interlibrary Loan / Request It Services among many other contributions to UW.

Tasha Reeves, who has been a part of Fremont County Library – Lander for three years will be leaving the system in order to take a job at Lander Vision Center. She will be working as a Paraoptometric, work she was certified in before moving to Wyoming in 2015. Tasha worked in Adult Circulation at Lander. She ran their Murder Mystery Night for the last three years and directed and acted in their successful Melodrama this past Christmas. She is currently heading up the 2018 Wyoming Library Leadership Institute in Lander this July as a WLLI Alumni

Rachel Crocker joined Albany County Public Library as its Assistant Director. She will lead the library’s operations and administrative services. Previously, Rachel was working for a DC-based non-profit that was working to strengthen and modernize library systems in eight developing countries. Originally from Cheyenne and an alumna of the University of Wyoming, Rachel is excited to be home and serving communities in Wyoming.

Moore Named Director at Converse County Library

Cindy Moore

Cindy Moore has been named the new director of Converse County Library. She has been the Assistant Director since June of 2017. Outgoing Director Kirk Hissam is retiring, effective February 15, with Cindy moving into her new position the following day. “He left big shoes to fill,” she said.

Prior to coming to Converse County, Cindy worked in a junior high library in 1999. In 2003 she began in circulation at the White Mountain Library, moved into a reference position in the Green River Library and then to the Rock Springs Library where she was Head of Circulation and Reference for the Sweetwater County Library System. Beginning early in 2012, she was the Powell Branch Manager for Park County Library, and held her first directorship at Albany County Public Library from 2013-2016.

In October 2016, Converse County Library celebrated the opening of its incredible new main library in Douglas. “With this momentum we’ll be working on a remodel of the Glenrock Library building, bringing in more functionality and increasing the size with new construction in the basement. We’ll also continue the work of director Kirk Hissam and the board who started re-imagining our mission and service model.”

She added, “We have everything we need to work with: a positive staff, a supportive board and an awesome building.” She sees the library moving forward with “stellar services, innovative programming, terrific collections, ethical library practices, and sound fiscal management.”

Cindy shares her home life with one “cantankerous” husband and three dogs — one modest-sized Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and two enormous Leonbergers. Her daughter Kelly attends Cornell University, and her son Logan works for Soderberg Masonry.

WSL Closed for Presidents Day

The Wyoming State Library will be closed Monday, February 19, for Presidents Day. We will reopen on Tuesday, February 20.

We’ve compiled links to WSL database resources that celebrate Presidents Day in the United States. We hope they’re helpful as you prepare your efforts to promote the holiday locally.

In 1886, the Wyoming Territorial Legislature made George Washington’s birthday, February 22, a legal holiday. You can read it in Chapter 67 of the Session Laws for that year in Wyoming Legislation. The legal holiday is now set for the third Monday in February to commemorate both Washington’s and Abraham Lincoln’s birthdays.


Perkins Joins LCCC at the Albany County Campus

Seth Perkins

In January, Seth Perkins was hired by Laramie County Community College for its Albany County Campus. As the sole ACC Faculty Librarian he is responsible for the campus library, teaching courses, and managing campus tutoring services.

Perkins is a product of Wyoming’s higher education system. He grew up in Torrington and attended Eastern Wyoming College and later graduated from Casper College. He received his undergraduate degree in history from the University of Wyoming and his Master of Library and Information Science from San José State University.

Prior to taking the LCCC post, Perkins lived in the Fort Collins/Loveland area since 2010 with my his wife and three daughters (all three under the age of five!) For the past eight years he has worked in various capacities in education and librarianship, getting his feet wet at the Loveland Public Library working in their Technology and Innovation Department, and later in the Technical Services Department. Most recently, he was the Librarian and a General Education Instructor at CollegeAmerica Fort Collins, CO.

“The opportunity to come back to Wyoming and raise my family in Laramie was one that I could not pass up,” Seth said. “I plan to work toward building an innovative and engaging space for our academic community—a place for the interaction of knowledge, people, and technologies.”

He envisions offering and integrating library resources, more specifically emerging technologies, into various courses offered on campus, and through the library. “An example would be working towards acquiring and subsequently structuring a 3D printing program,” he said, and added, “It’s an exciting time to be a librarian.”

He loves his new environment. “The Laramie County Community College Albany County Campus is a wonderful community. It’s an atmosphere that feels like home and where everyone is family. It’s an amazing place for students to begin/continue their higher education journey.”